Vandetanib

Vandetanib is a prescription medication used to treat medullary thyroid cancer that cannot be treated by surgery or that has spread to other parts of the body. Vandetanib belongs to a group of drugs called kinase inhibitors which work by blocking the action of a protein that signals cancer cells to multiply.

This medication comes in tablet form and is usually taken once daily, with or without food.

Common side effects of vandetanib include diarrhea, nausea, rash, and acne.

Ipilimumab

Ipilimumab is a prescription medication used to treat melanoma (a type of skin cancer). Ipilimumab belongs to a group of drugs called monoclonal antibodies, which help slow or stop the growth of cancer cells.

This medication comes in an injectable form to be given directly into a vein (IV) by a healthcare provider, once every 3 weeks for up to 4 doses.

Common side effects include tiredness, diarrhea, and itching.

Dalfampridine

Dalfampridine is a prescription medication used to improve walking in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). Dalfampridine belongs to a group of drugs called potassium channel blockers, which strengthen nerve signals in the brain harmed by MS.

This medication comes in tablet form and is typically taken twice daily, with or without food.

Common side effects of dalfampridine include difficulty sleeping, dizziness, headache, and nausea.

Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin is a prescription medication used to treat advanced colon or rectal cancer in adults. Oxaliplatin belongs to a group of drugs called platinum-containing antineoplastic agents, which stops cancer cells from multiplying.

This medication comes in an injectable form to be given intravenously (into a vein) at a hospital or clinic on the first day of each chemotherapy treatment course.

Some of the common side effects of oxaliplatin are decreased blood count, high blood pressure, and diarrhea. 

Doxorubicin

Doxorubicin is a prescription medication used to treat certain types of cancer in adults and children including breast cancer, lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. Doxorubicin belongs to a group of drugs called anthracyclines, which slow and stop the growth of cancer cells.

This medication comes in an injectable form and is given by injection into a vein (intravenously) by a healthcare provider.

Common side effects of doxorubicin include hair loss, nausea, and vomiting.

Vemurafenib

Vemurafenib is a prescription medication used to treat melanoma, a type of skin cancer. This medication is also used to treat a type of blood cell cancer called Erdheim-Chester Disease. 

Vemurafenib belongs to a group of drugs called kinase inhibitors. These work by blocking the action of a protein that signals cancer cells to multiply, slowing or stopping the spread of cancer cells.

This medication comes in tablet form and is usually taken twice daily, with or without food.

Common side effects of vemurafenib include joint pain, rash, hair loss, and tiredness.

Latanoprost

Latanoprost is a prescription eye drop used to treat an eye condition called glaucoma. It is also used to treat a condition called ocular hypertension (higher than normal pressure inside the eye), which can lead to glaucoma if not treated. Latanoprost belongs to a group of drugs called prostaglandins. It is thought to work by increasing the amount of fluid that flows out of the eye in order to lower the pressure.

This medication comes in the form of an eye drop. The usual dose is one drop in the affected eye(s) every evening.

Common side effects of latanoprost include blurred...

Riluzole

Riluzole is a prescription medication used to slow the progress of Lou Gehrig's disease, known medically as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It is a disease of the central nervous system that affects the ability of a person to move certain muscles. Riluzole is not a cure but may delay the need for a breathing tube (tracheostomy).

Riluzole belongs to a group of drugs called NMDA receptor antagonists. It works by decreasing glutamate, a natural substance in the body that can damage nerve cells. 

This medication comes in tablet form. It is usually taken twice a day, every 12...

Susan Y. Chon, MD

Dr. Chon is currently Associate Professor in the Department of Dermatology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. She sees patients for skin cancer screenings as well as...

Natasha Levin, Pharm.D.

Natasha Levin holds a Doctor of Pharmacy from Long Island University, Arnold & Marie Schwartz College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and a Bachelors in Biology from Baruch...

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